Mar 30, 2017 10:19:00 AM
The objective of the CAFI mission to Gabon, held 21-24 march 2017, was to continue the dialogue with the Government of Gabon on :
, in order to inform the decision of the CAFI Executive Board on the nature of the CAFI - Gabon partnership.
Each of the authorities met by the mission, as well as the private sector and civil society, underligned this point and the government's priority in conducting this reform, in order to reach its ambitious objective of a 50% reduction in greeenhouse gases compared to 2005 (Nationally Determined Contribution), of which 92% originate from the LULUCF sector (2nd National Communication).
This Plan will enable the Government to specify its objectives for the allocation and optimization of the use of its land, with the force of law. A key land-use principle underlying the development of the PNAT is to exclude the conversion of primary forests, High Conservation Value (HCV) forests, and high carbon stock (HCS) forests.The Ministry of Agriculture with the Climate Council and the National Agency for the Protection of Nature are currently revising a policy on "Managing the environmental and social impacts of palm oil production in Gabon". In addition, the Government regards the PNAT as an instrument for improving and strengthening governance, as it contributes to making publically available all permits and to define criteria for land use, clarify tenure and prevent potential conflicts.
With vigorous support from the Office of the President, the Government intends to treat the conduct of this reform as a priority and an urgent matter, in order to address multiple issues related to economic diversification, governance, land tenure, including domestic and security considerations
The Government of Gabon anchors its climate commitments within the framework of NDC under the Climate Convention, goals which it sets in terms of emission reductions excluding carbon storage in biomass. Its commitments, albeit ambitious, are not conditional on the support of the international community. Although the LULUCF sector accounts for more than 90 per cent of the country's total greenhouse gas emissions, these are chiefly attributable (88 per cent) to forest degradation with the remainder accounted for by emissions due to deforestation. The PNAT is included in the country's NDC as the only policy and flagship measure still to be implemented if the country is to achieve its emission reduction targets set at 50 per cent compared to 2005 over the period 2010-2025 (average LULUCF sector reduction of 45 MtCO2/year).
During the mission, the Government has underlined that the partnership with CAFI is of strategic interest in two respects:
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