Sustainable forest governance and investments : our results

DRC - REDD  (44)

Across Central Africa, artisanal timber logging is a much larger cause of forest cover loss than industrial logging, which is not currently considered to be an important direct factor in deforestation in the region. Most industrial logging in the region involves low logging densities concentrated on a few high-value species. However, the concurrence of high population densities with the opening of logging roads promotes substantial local forest cover degradation.  

CAFI support is directed at ensuring increases in the percentage of forests under sustainable forest management plans, decreased illegalities in the forest sector - including on contracting and permitting -, enhanced transparency on permits, harvesting allowances and manageemnt plans. Supporting the development and completion of national forest monitoring systems is essential.  

 

CAFI- Gabon - Chainsaw

In Gabon,  

In line with the country's vision and strategic development plans and the National Investment Plan, the Letter of Intent signed between CAFI and Gabon sets milestones related to forest monitoring and forest governance, such as :

  • the completion of a National Forest and Natural Resources Observation System (French acronym : SNORNF) to allow reporting to the UNFCCC, monitoring of economic activities on forests and of carbon neutrality of non HCS & non HCV forests,  and an alert system that triggers law enforcement actions
  • an ambitious plan to fight illegal logging, including through enforcement of the legal regulatory framework for forest management, timber exploitation and timber trade, and enhanced capacity (trainings and information systems) of the forestry administration
  • an increase in the surface areas under sustainable forest management, both in absolute terms and relative to the total concession areas
  • a reduction of the area under legal logging concessions from 17 million to 13 million hectares by 2025, combined with a target to reduce emissions per hectare in remaining logging concessions  

The CAFI-funded programme,  currently implemented by the French Development Agency (AFD), is finalizing the SNORNF to ensure an efficient monitoring of the land use and land use change and forest sector and meet some of the milestones above.  

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In the DRC,  

Objective 3 of the Letter of Intent is to Develop and implement, in a participatory and transparent manner, a forest policy for sustainable management of forest resources by multiple stakeholders in the sector, including local and indigenous communities, with particular emphasis on forest law compliance, governance and various local and community management models

To that effect, a sectoral programme to create the conditions for a more sustainable management of forests is awaiting funding.  

Already, a major achievement reached thanks to CAFI funding and FAo support has been the submission to the UNFCCC of DRC's first Forest Emission Reference Level.  

Meanwhile, ongoing CAFI-funded provincial integrated programmes seek, over the next 5 years, to: 

  • establish approximately 200,000 hectares of community forestry
  • ensure that 50% of villages have individual titles registered in the former Orientale province
  • significantly strengthen the capacity of decentralized bodies 
  • help over 800 villages develop simple forest management plans  

unsustainable forestry (both legal and illegal) is estimated to be the main cause of emissions from the land use sector, having generated 12.9 million tons of CO2/ year over the 2000-2012 period and projected to generate 15.6 million tons CO2/year for the 2015-2020 period (not taking artisanal logging into account ).  Consequently, a strategic axis of the National REDD+ strategy is the sustainable management and valueing of forest resources.

 In terms of sustainable management of forests, the country's Investment Framework therefore seeks to:

  • revise the Forest code
  • ensure that all logging concessions are sustainably managed
  • support a " sustainable management " certification process
  • support reduced impact logging
  • operationalize the FLEGT mechanism and develop the monitoring capacity of the Forestry administration
  • develop a strategy to normalize the artisanal sector
  • enhance knowledge on peatlands
  • strengthen the protected area network  
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