The CAFI monitoring framework, adopted in July 2016, includes four governance indicators, related to civil society participation, anchoring of the REDD+ investment plan within climate and development frameworks, transparency and anti-corruption. 2016 was too early to fully assess these indicators quantitatively across all CAFI partner countries, since country activities had not yet or just started. However, anecdotical evidence already points to some governance gains:
In DRC, activities around the REDD+ investment plan are now more transparent through regular and timely updates conveyed through the DRC page of the CAFI web site. In Equatorial Guinea a number of public communications were made on the occasion of the National Investment Framework inception workshop.
- Civil society participation
Civil society engagement in the REDD+ Investment plan remains high in DRC, where civil society representatives are part of both the technical and the decision-making bodies of the National REDD+ Fund. Civil society representatives fully participated in the elaboration of the matrix of risk management during a first workshop in December 2016.
In Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and DRC, the REDD+ investment plan is led by a Ministry with a cross-sectoral mandate (Ministry or Economy or Finance). In all countries an inter-ministerial committee is either active (DRC), formed or planned.
Integrating gender considerations in CAFI programming
The CAFI Fund terms of Reference explicitly refer to a cross-cutting gender perspective that recognizes the “important potential for women empowerment and improvement of women’s living conditions through REDD+ activities”. How has CAFI performed after one year in operation ? A rapid assessment of the level of gender sensitivity.
- The 28 CAFI outcome indicators, adopted in July 2016, contain
- two sex-disaggregated indicators on Wood energy (2.1) and Migration (6.2)
- three indicators that directly relate to women’s empowerment : Modern contraceptive prevalence rate (6.1), Percentage of girls attending high school (6.3), and Existence of instruments to promote the rights of communities, with due regard given to gender, among other quality elements (5.2).
- In the CAFI preparatory grants programme documents, Cameroun, Central African Republic, R Congo show no gender analysis nor gender-disaggregated indicators. Equatorial Guinea, however, identified the lack of a gender strategy as a weakness of the country’s REDD+ readiness work and has made a gender strategy part of the first result. In addition, a gender expert is planned to be deployed to mitigate certain risks; the Ministry of Social Affairs and gender Equality is represented in the Steering committee; the role of women emphasized in the upcoming analysis of drivers, strategic actions and prioritization of pilot projects. The first report from Equatorial Guinea (2016) has shown a willingness to report on gender, with a first workshop totaling 22 women out of 60 participants (36%).
- In DRC, the National REDD+ Fund has detailed, through a Roadmap for Participatory and Transparent Management of FONAREDD programmes validated by the Steering Committee in November 2016, the need to identify and engage women and youth organizations, especially during the design and monitoring phases. Implementation for the four DRC- approved programmes only started, for the most part, in early 2017, and activity reports will demonstrate the level of gender responsiveness. Nevertheless, an analysis of programme documents shows that :
- The Mai Ndombe Integrated programme (World Bank) defines gender as part of the intervention strategy to reach its seven objectives, recognizing the central role of women in planning as well as in revenue-generating activities and targeting them for such programmes. To promote their adherence to changes in agricultural techniques, taking into account women’s possible aversion to risks, women’s organizations will be created in each village, and their president members of the local Steering committees. In addition, 10 % (mandatory minimum) of contracts of payments for environmental services will be dedicated to women and their priorities. Youth will also benefit from the same two measures. The programme contains two sex-disaggregated indicators and associated targets, at both the impact level (75,000 women with better livelihoods out of 150,000 total) and the outcome level (governance outcome): 15,000 women (out of 40,000 total) consulted during the implementation phase.
- The results framework of the Support to civil society programme (UNDP) has one sex-disaggregated indicator, with a target of 50% of women (and 30% youth) trained on issues identified in the capacity-strengthening plan
- The Programme to support Indigenous Peoples’ sustainable management of forests (World Bank) contains gender-sensitive target in the increase in the number of communities supported to implement community forestry, where each site will receive a mark in which equitable representation of women represents 3 points out of a possible total of 25. Economic empowerment of women is also part of the support to small and medium-size Pygmees entreprises.