Four programmes on land use planning, forest monitoring and certification, transboundary protected areas, intensification of crop production and carbon data management

First HFLD country to receive results-based payments 

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At a Glance


Quick overview

National Investment Framnework finalized in April 2017

Signature of a Letter of Intent (LOI) in June 2017 - 3 objectives, 35 milestones and 18 US$ millions.

Addendum to the LoI signed in September 2019 for US$ 150 M in results-based payments.

Three programmes with the French Development Agency and UNDP to implement the NIF 


- The 2017 LOI sets a contribution of US$ 18 millions, in two tranches (CAFI 1). The first tranche was disbursed to the Programme approved in 2018 to elaborate, adopt and implement a National Land Use Plan and a National System for Monitoring Natural Resources and Forests 

- An additional 12 million US$ (CAFI 2) towards 2 programmes for forest certification, creation of transboundary protected areas, land use optimization for the intensification of crop production, Technical assistance on carbon data management, 

- A US$ 150 million, 10 year results-based agreement, signed in September 2019 as an addendum to the 2017 Letter of Intent (CAFI 3)


Context and progress


Gabon houses approximately 18% of the Congo- Ogooué Basin’s forest – with forests covering 88% of the country territory. For decades, Gabon’s economy has been driven by exports of oil resources. Though forestry exploitation has been an important component of the economy, the annual deforestation rate is only 0.05% (59,406 ha/year net, for 2010-2015). However, as oil prices decline, economic diversification to other sectors is an important component of Gabon’s development strategy.

This is expected to result in increased resource exploitation by extractive industries and the rapid expansion of agricultural intensification. Indeed, one of the central objectives of the Emerging Gabon development plan is to make Gabon self-sufficient in terms of foodstuff production and an exporter of cash crops.

On 27 June 2017 the Government of Gabon and CAFI signed a Letter of Intent (CAFI 1) to establish a partnership to implement the National Investment Framework of Gabon.

In March 2018, a programme, called " National land use planning and forest monitoring to promote sustainable development strategies for Gabon", developped with the support of the French Development Agency, was approved by the Executive Board. Its objective is to improve land use planning and monitoring of LULUCF in Gabon to reduce deforestation and forest degradation while enhancing development co-benefits. The programme will help elaborate, adopt and implement a National Land Use Plan (French acronym : PNAT) and a National System for Monitoring Natural Resources and Forests (French acronym : SNORF). Activities will be implemented by the National Climate Council (CNC), the Sustainable Development Authority (ADD), the Gabonese Agency for Spatial Studies and Observations (AGEOS) and the National Parks Agency (ANPN).  

In 2019, CAFI and Gabon continued their dialogue to identify further areas of support necessary to reduce current emissions, prevent future emissions or enhance carbon stocks and biodiversity (CAFI 2). In this context two new programmes were approved to support the efforts of government to:

  • Deploy mandatory certification of forest concessions and increase the forest administration’s enforcement capacity (reduce emissions from forest degradation caused by logging) - 7 M US$ with AFD
  • Expand existing Congolese protected areas on the Gabonese side of the border (enhance carbon stocks and biodiversity in protected areas)
  • Conduct suitability studies for agricultural production (reduce future emissions by directing agricultural investments to non-high value forests and support the agriculture administration in identifying and keeping record of suitable land)

In 2019 still, Gabon and CAFI signed a 150 million US dollars agreement (2019 addendum to the 2107 Letter of intent) (CAFI 3). Through this, Gabon will be rewarded in a 10-year deal for both reducing its greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and degradation, and absorptions of carbon dioxide by natural forests. The partnership provides Gabon with a major incentive for cutting greenhouse gases by setting a carbon price floor at 10 US dollars per certified ton.

Key links

Key Documents


Programme 1 : land use planning and forest monitoring (with AFD)

"National land use planning and forest monitoring to promote sustainable development strategies for Gabon"


Programme 2 : certification (with AFD)

"Emission reduction through better forest management : certification process at national scale in Gabon"


Programme 3 (with UNDP)

"Protected Area Expansion and Land-use Optimization for Food Crop Production in Gabon"


Addendum to the Letter of Intent

September 2019


Letter of Intent between Gabon and CAFI

June 2017


"Green Gabon" Operational Plan

(in French)


"Emerging Gabon"- Strategic Plan

(in French)


CAFI Executive Board decisions related to Gabon